These types of tokens are: signs (age.grams., , >, /, +, ^, =), numerals (e.grams., step 1, dos, 3) acronyms, shortenings and you will contractions (elizabeth.grams., t, k, ff, ni, mn, nie, jy, gwn, s, lol; and that relate to: het, dat, ok/ik, even, niet, hem, niet, jij, gewoon, is, make fun of out loud; translations: they, you to, ok/I, for sometime Footnote seven , not, my personal, maybe not, you, just, is), punctuation scratches (age.grams., ! ? : ; not the period and you will comma), pronouns (elizabeth.g., ik, jij, hem, hij, myself, je, jou; translations: We, you, your, he, me, you/your), opinion-associated adjectives/adverbs (age.g., echt, lekker, mooi, goed, nieuwe, niks, leuk, zeker, mooie, super; translations: really, nice/tasty, nice/stunning, a good, the fresh new, little, nice/gorgeous, nice/besides, yes, sweet, super), and you may interjection terminology (elizabeth.g., ja, haha, nee, man, hoor, nou, hahaha, the guy, jaa, inspire, jaaa, ok, bang, crap, wtf; translations: sure, haha, no, son, you realize, really, hahaha, hey/huh, yeah, inspire, okay). The bottom line is, the words one to happened relatively more often pre-CLC represent mainly casual vocabulary use, such contractions, unconventional spellings, signs and you can profanity.
Table 5 gifts tokens you to happened seemingly more often blog post-CLC, these types of tokens comprise: stuff (i.age., de-, het, een; translations: feminine/male brand new, neuter the, a(n)), conjunctions (age.grams., durante, off, omdat, require, zodat; translations: and you can, otherwise, because, while the, in order that), prepositions (elizabeth.grams., home, inside, om, met, more, tijdens, aan, tot; translations: through/from the, inside, for/within, that have, about/over, throughout, to/towards the, until), auxiliary and you can hooking up verbs (age.grams., worden, hebben, zijn, moeten, kunnen, maken, willen; translations: getting, provides, try, need, can be, make, want). Overall, the fresh tokens one occurred apparently more frequently article-CLC depict significantly more official code need as opposed to the pre-CLC tokens inside Dining table cuatro.
Desk six merchandise bigrams that took place relatively with greater regularity pre-CLC. Such bigrams primarily were personal pronoun + verb combos (we.e., ik ga, ik heb, ik ben, ik wil, ik dacht, heb je, ik moet, denk ik, ik kan, ik kom, ik got, ik was; translations: I’m going, I’ve, I’m, Needs, I thought, perhaps you have, I want to, In my opinion, I’m able to, I come, I got, I happened to be). Again, the results advise that discover seemingly more informal words use, which is, relatively more frequent occurrences of worry about-referential vocabulary, which implies a very personal and subjective language need.
The brand new bigrams you to definitely happened apparently more frequently blog post-CLC, when you look at the Desk seven, happened to be mainly prepositional phrases or preposition + post combos (elizabeth.g., van de-, van het, door de, naar het, van een, om de-, more de, aan de-, more than het, during the het, came across het, found de, om het, bij het, om een, voor het; translations: regarding the, in the, because of the, on the, from an effective, concerning the, along the, throughout the, towards, about/along side, by the, in the, towards), recommending more in depth descriptions of the state that’s known https://datingranking.net/sugar-daddies-uk/london/ regarding tweets. Significantly, the development of additional prepositions also can explain the escalation in phrase size pursuing the CLC.
The next theory on a prospective escalation in making use of adjectives, adverbs, posts, conjunctions, and you will prepositions, is actually tested having fun with a beneficial POS investigation. Dining table 8 displays the fresh cousin wavelengths regarding POS kinds. The fresh new CLC got a heightened affect POS incorporate in contrast so you’re able to standard variations. Like, the fresh CLC created a boost in the effective use of stuff, conjunctives, and you may prepositions versus almost every other POS kinds. That it improve means the CLC altered brand new syntactic structures from tweets, and this is supported by the new discovering that phrase length enhanced. Instantly, the fresh cousin volume out of adverbs and you may adjectives failed to increase immediately following brand new CLC. As well, the essential difference between Baseline-split We and you will Standard-split up II suggests alot more adaptation between times 3 and week 4 compared to the week step 1 and you may month 2. This means that a development on language need started by the CLC.